Confucius Institute at University of Mauritius hosted the Chinese New Year Celebration at the auditorium of the University of Mauritius. The Chinese New Year also known as the Spring Festival is celebrated in China over a number of days and in Mauritius, the Spring Festival is celebrated with enthusiasm by the sino-Mauritian community and enjoyed by all the communities. The Chinese New Year day is a public holiday in Mauritius.
People clean their homes to welcome the Spring Festival. They put up the red posters with poetic verses on it to their doors, Chinese New Year pictures on their walls, and decorate their homes with red lanterns. It is also a time to reunite with relatives and many people visit their families at this time of the year. In the evening of the Spring Festival Eve, they would set off fireworks and firecrackers, hoping to cast away any bad luck and bring forth good luck. Children often receive “luck” money or red packet, also knownas ‘hóngbāo’ in Mandarin. People wear new clothes and send Chinese New Year greetings to each other. Various activities such as beating drums and striking gongs, as well as dragon and lion dances, are all part of the festivities.
The global celebrations are an explosion of light and sound - involving bell ringing, lighting firecrackers, and watching traditional lion dances. We try to replicate this moment at the University of Mauritius on this special occasion.
This year, according to the Chinese Zodiac, it is the year of DOG. It is said that anyone born in a dog year will be communicative, serious, and responsible in the workplace.
Confucius at University of Mauritius (CI-UoM) wish everyone a joyful, prosperous and healthy Chinese New Year. GONG XI FA CHAI !!!
On 1st December 2017, on the UoM campus, students of CI-UoM, representatives of Chinese Chamber of Commerce, delegates from ZSTU and representatives of Chinese Cultural Center, gather together to celebrate the first anniversary of Confucius Institute at UoM.
On this important occasion, a seminar on under the theme of “The Fashion Industry: A Perspective” was held in the Lecture hall. Two Professors from ZSTU delivered the talks. Dr Zhang Kangfu, Professor of Fashion and Accessory Design Department, ZSTU, talked about “The Technology of Traditional Chinese Silk Tapestry-Kesi.” The second invited speaker, Dr Cai Jian Mei, Associate Professor of Fashion Design and Merchandising Department, ZSTU, gave us a perspective of the Chinese Fashion industry and the talk was entitled: “From Ideality to Reality-How to Thrive in The Fashion Industry.”
The first Confucius Institute of Mauritius was established on the 14th December 2016 at the University of Mauritius. Since then, with the help of people from all walks of life, Confucius Institute develops steadily. On 22nd April 2017, we started the Mandarin course for the university students. From then on, six courses of different levels have started for the university staff, university students and Mauritian Chinese. As we know, CI-UoM serves as a platform for the cultural and academic exchange between Mauritius and China. Up to now, we have held 5 seminars, taken two delegations to China and welcomed three delegations from China. Three staff from University of Mauritius attended a Silk Product workshop at ZSTU, Hangzhou and they thoroughly recognized that the knowledge and experience acquired would be very useful to the students following Fashion Technology programme at the University of Mauritius. On the 15th December 2017, six UoM students will go to ZSTU to attend a workshop on Fashion Design held by FIT at ZSTU.
Following the talks, musical performance was conducted. Mauritian Director of CI-UoM, Naraindra Kistamah, hosted the event. The students of CI-UoM sang Chinese songs, recite Chinese poems based on what they learned in the mandarin courses. Cheers and laughter arose from the audience every now and then.
The event ended with the award of certificates to the students of CI who have completed level 1 of the course.
On the occasion of the celebration of “Confucius Institute Day” across the globe, the Confucius Institute at University of Mauritius (CI-UoM) held a seminar on the 29th September 2017 on the campus. The Mauritian and Chinese Directors of Confucius Institute at UoM jointly hosted the seminar which was open to the public. It was well attended with an audience of over one hundred.
The Mauritian Director, Associate Professor Naraindra Kistamah spoke of the role of Confucius Institute in the world and by extension, the role of CI-UoM in promoting, in particular, tertiary educational exchanges with China. He also said that one of the main missions of Confucius Institute at UoM is to make the campus mandarin friendly and disseminate Chinese culture so that exchanges with Chinese universities may be facilitated. Confucius Institute at UoM will do what is best to improve the relationship between Mauritius and China.
The Chinese Director, Associate Professor Tan Xudong, elaborated Confucian doctrine explicitly. There are two main concepts in Confucian Thought: Ren and Li. These two concepts concern mainly the “general love for people” and “the harmonious society”.
On 30th September 2017, students of CI-UoM took part in a Chinese food making activity as part of the celebration of Confucius Institute Day. The activity was led by the Chinese Director of CI-UoM who turned into a Chinese Chef for the day! Mr Tan Xudong demonstrated to the students the process of making dumplings and told them the origin of the custom.
It all began with Zhang Zhongjing who lived during the Eastern Han Dynasty 1800 years ago. It is reported that Zhang noticed that many people's ears were frostbitten during winter. He decided to wrap mutton, chili and some medicinal herbs in dough skin and folded them into the shape of an ear, which he boiled in water before giving them to the poor. It is now believed that all the materials used in Zhang's recipe could help warm the body, promote the blood flow and then thaw the cold ears. Today, Jiaozi (dumpling) is very popular in most parts of northern China for its great taste, especially during Spring Festival.
The students and guests thoroughly enjoyed the experience of making and eating the ‘home-made’ dumplings and they all look forward to more of such event.
The Confucius Institute at University of Mauritius (CI-UoM) in collaboration with the WTO Chair at UoM welcomed a delegation from China Academy of Social Sciences A seminar was organized in the context of “Furthering Mauritius-China Relationship”. The theme of the seminar was “Human Capital Investment, Trade and Long-Term Economic Growth”. The keynote speaker was Dr YI Qin, Post-doctoral Researcher at the Industrial Economics Institute, China Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). He obtained his PhD at Beijing-based Central University of Finance and Economics. His main research areas are: (i) new momentum produced by the change in the economic system of China; (ii) advanced investment in human resource capital; and (iii) long-term sustainable growth in economics.
The other members of the delegation from CASS were: Professor LI Gang; Professor JIN Bei; Associate Professor LIANG Yongmei; and Dr LI Minfeng.
The moderator for the seminar was Associate Professor Hambyrajen Narsinghen, Head Department of Law, University of Mauritius. The other members of the Panel were Mr Dev Chamroo, Senior Consultant African Development Bank; and Mr Asrani Gopaul, Department of Social Studies, University of Mauritius.
The seminar gave the audience a perspective of China’s human capital indices over recent years and long-term economic growth. The Chinese government invests a lot in education and medical care which are deemed to be essential for the future development of China. Professor Li Gang, who was the head of the delegation, expressed CASS’s intent to collaborate with staff of UoM for the development of joint projects.
A copy of the seminar’s presentation is available on our website (Restricted Access) under the “Services & Library” tab.
Associate Professor Naraindra Kistamah’s, Director of Confucius Institute, welcoming address to the audience of the seminar; Panel members: (left to right) Associate Professor Hambyrajen Narsinghen, Moderator; Professor Li Gang, Head of CASS delegation; Associate Professor LIANG Yongmei; Dr YI Qin, Keynote Speaker, CASS; Mr Dev Chamroo, Senior Consultant African Development Bank; and Mr Asrani Gopaul, Department of Social Studies, UoM.
Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU) is one of the earliest modern education institution in China. It started as a Sericultural Academy in 1897 and contributed greatly to the advancement of the silk industry and the development of innovative silk products. Zhejiang Sci-Tech University
ZSTU is located in Hangzhou, a historical and modern city blessed with rich resources, talented people and prosperity, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU) boasts a long history of 120 years and a beautiful campus of over 140 hectares.
ZSTU is now renowned for being a multidisciplinary and research oriented university. It has 16 schools (faculties), and one independent college with a total population of over 27,000 all-time students. It has 63 UG and 65 PG degree programs in various disciplines from sciences, engineering, economics, humanities & arts and management. It also offers Doctoral degree programs with major focus in Engineering. Material Science, Chemistry and Engineering Science are the 3 top 1% disciplines in the world (ESI). Its School of Textile and Fashion is very famous in China.
ZSTU has state-of-the-art research centres and its staff cooperate closely with enterprises both nationally and internationally. ZSTU has won over 120 research awards, among which three are national — two second awards of the National Scientific and Technological Invention Award and one second award of the National Scientific and Technological Progress Award — and over 20 are provincial or ministerial. The most recent award dates back to May 2017 whereby ZSTU School of Art & Design team won the 2017 ‘China Design Intelligence Award’.
We are very pleased to have ZSTU as the partner institution of the Confucius Institute at the University of Mauritius. Various areas of collaboration and exchanges are currently being explored.
Smart card at ZSTU
Staff and students at ZSTU use a ‘Smart Card’ which is an electronic card for various transactions on campus. It may be used as an identity card, a library card, a cash/credit card for purchase of goods and items on campus, and many other transactions. With the smart card, all the students and staff can deal with much of their daily life affairs on campus which include checking in and out the dormitories, purchasing of food at the canteen, paying visit to the doctors in the university clinic, checking the results of examinations, and so on. This new pattern of administration substitutes the traditional pattern of administration and brings high efficiency, convenience and security to the university.
Hangzhou, a smart city
Hangzhou, capital of Zhejiang Province in east of China, is one of the most beautiful city in China and is a very modern city too. The West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is amongst its best-known attraction and is noted for the scenic beauty that blends naturally with many famous historical and cultural sites. Marco Polo once described Hangzhou as 'Heaven on Earth'.
In recent decades, Hangzhou developed fast because the city favors entrepreneurship. It provides a friendly and healthy environment for private sectors to grow. Besides, large section of the people of Hangzhou are well educated. Internet development and e-commerce in Hangzhou blossoms very rapidly and extensively. There are a lot of young people who are interested in e-commerce, and internet businesses. This city has become the center of inspiration and innovation and is now known as the smart city. Hangzhou is the birthplace of e-commerce giant Alibaba Group, and hired nearly 13,000 employees in the year since March 2014.
In Hangzhou, it is very convenient for people to purchase things without using cash only if you bring a mobile phone with you. There are two ways of payment: one is to pay by means of “wechat”, which is an application similar to “whatsapp”, the other is by Alipay, an online payment platform developed by Alibaba Group.
People can make a registration to see the doctor in advance with the help of the internet, which saves you a lot of time to queue up to register yourself in hospital. And people can reserve a seat in the city public library by means of internet. The library is open to every citizen of the city.
We know that you have already heard about “Big Data”, which help people analyze, for example, what people like to purchase or what dish customers like to order in a restaurant. At the end of one day’s business, the owner of the restaurant knows which dish is most popular and what flavor the customers prefer according to the results of the analysis of the “Big Data”.
Technology is also used for traffic control in Hangzhou. There is serious traffic jam, especially during the rush hour. Taxi in Hangzhou is not enough to meet the need to take people from place to place. A software was developed to help people identify and call a taxi or private car. When you need a car, you use the software to find out which taxi or private car (which should be registered first for the purpose) is nearest to you. After you make the order, you know the location of the car you order using the mobile phone.
Another use of the technology of “Big Data, Internet of things and cloud computing”, is for the administration of traffic in the city during rush hour. The traffic light may be adjusted according to the current needs for a better and improved flow of traffic.
As the smart city develops, more and more new businesses and opportunities appear which provide more job opportunities, a better and more convenient way of life for the people living in and around the city.
On 25th April 2017, CI-UoM held a seminar in collaboration with the Jian Wu Tang Traditional Chinese Health Centre Ltd, Mauritius. The invited speakers were experts from Chinese Traditional Massage Acupuncture Association, China. The seminar was well attended by students and staff of the University of Mauritius.
Acupuncture is a holistic health technique that stems from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practices in which trained practitioners stimulate specific points on the body by inserting thin needles into the skin. Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and is a key component of TCM. Acupuncture and massage are techniques that are often used to alleviate pain in the body. And they also can make people feel more relaxed.
Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese medicine therapy which consists of burning dried mugwort (moxa) or aromatic plants on or very near the surface of the skin. It is a heat therapy and the intention is to warm and invigorate the flow of Qi (energy flow) in the body and dispel certain pathogenic influences. Moxibustion plays an important role in the traditional medical systems of China.
The Speakers were:
1. Liu Baoyan, Premier Researcher of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CACMS), President of World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS), President of China Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion (CAAM), Traditional Medicine Adviser of World Health Organization (WHO), Academician of International Academy of Sciences for Europe and Asia (IASEA), Director of National Technical Committee on Acupuncture and Moxibustion of Standardization Administration of China, Deputy-Director of Clinical Epidemiology Specialized Committee of Chinese Medical Association.
2. Yang Longhui, Vice-President of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences [CACMS].
3. Zhou Yunfeng, Medical Bachelor, Associate Professor, Deputy-Physician, Master Tutor in acupuncture and Tuina, Director of Vocational Skills Training Center, Henan TCM College, member of Tuina Committee, China Association of Chinese Medicine, member of Tuina committee, Henan Provincial TCM Association, Vice-Chairman of Henan Provincial Traditional Medicine Technique Research Association.
4. Fang Yigong, Director of Special Pathology Department, Institute of Acupuncture-Moxibustion, CACMS, famous young and mid-aged Chinese doctor, Chief Physician, Researcher. Doctor in acupuncture and Tuina, post-doctor of integrative medicine. He specializes in acupuncture, osteopathy, Tuina, needle-knife and other techniques. He is experienced in treating poor ovarian response, ovarian hypofunction, premature ovarian failure, infertility, cervical spondylosis and allergic rhinitis.
On 22nd April 2017, the first Mandarin course for students of the University of Mauritius started on campus.
The Mandarin courses have three levels and each level is over a period of 16 weeks. At the end of each level, students are assessed and a certificate is delivered to those who pass the assessment exercise and have a set level (80%) of attendance. Successful students (around 15-20) are expected to travel to China as part of a students’ exchange programme for an experience of Chinese culture. In China, CI-UoM students can further their learning of the Mandarin language. The travel is largely funded and necessary arrangements made by the Confucius Institute at UoM.
Language is a media through which people can get to know different cultures and promote friendship between nations. Confucius Institute would like to serve as this platform to stimulate the exchange of cultures. Students from the University of Mauritius and from other academic tertiary institutions are most welcome to attend the Mandarin courses.
Similar courses have been extended to staff of the University of Mauritius. The staff are our new CI-UoM students and successful ones (10-15) would also benefit from cultural exchanges and travel to China.
Charhar Institute is an independent think tank in China focusing on diplomacy and international relations. It was founded by Dr Han Fangming, Vice Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese’s People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in October 2009. The Charhar Institute is dedicated to creating an independent thinking institution with international influence and fostering an influential and cooperative opinion landscape.
Honorable (Mrs) Leela Devi Dookun-Luchoomun, Minister of Education and Human Resources, Tertiary Education and Scientific Research was present for the opening ceremony of the Confucius Institute at the University of Mauritius.
Mr Wu Fengmin, Professor and Chairman of the Council of ZSTU and Mrs. Mohee, Professor and Vice Chancellor of UoM, were also present at the opening ceremony. A delegation of students from ZSTU presented traditional Chinese dancing and a show to an audience of about 400 guests.
Mr Wu Fengmin and Mrs. Mohee delivered their speeches respectively, stating that the establishment of Confucius Institute symbolizes the friendship between the two countries and wish that the Confucius Institute serves as a platform to promote cultural and academic exchanges between the two countries.
Unveiling the Plaque of the Opening Ceremony of the Confucius Institute at the University of Mauritius, from left to right; Associate Professor Tan Xudong, Chinese Director of CI-UoM; Mrs. Mohee, Professor and Vice Chancellor of UoM, C.S.K.; H.E. Mr. Li Li, Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China; H.E. Mr. Paramasivum Pillay Vyapoory, G.O.S.K.; Vice-President of the Republic of Mauritius, Mr Wu Fengmin, Professor and Chairman of the Council of ZSTU; and Dr Louis Jean Claude Autrey, Chancellor of the UoM, C.S.K
The term wǔshù is Chinese for "martial arts"; 武 wǔ = military or martial, 术 shù = art